Anolis chrysolepis Duméeril and Bibron, 1837 (Squamata: Iguanidae ), revisited: molecular phylogeny and taxonomy of the Anolis chrysolepis species group.

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2011
Authors:D'angiolella, AB, Gamble, T, Avila-Pires, TCS, Colli, GR, Noonan, BP, Vitt, LJ
Journal:Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology
Keywords:Amazon, Anolis, Anolis bombiceps, Anolis brasiliensis, Anolis chrysolepis, Anolis meridionalis, Anolis planiceps, Anolis scypheus, Anolis tandai, Iguanidae, molecular phylogeny, taxonomy

The Anolis chrysolepis species group is distributed across the entire Amazon basin and currently consists of A. bombiceps and five subspecies of A. chrysolepis. These lizards are characterized by moderate size, relatively narrow digital pads, and a small dewlap that does not reach the axilla. We used the mitochondrial gene ND2 to estimate phylogenetic relationships among putative subspecies of A. chrysolepis and taxa previously hypothesized to be their close relatives. We also assessed the congruence between molecular and morphological datasets to evaluate the taxonomic status of group members. On the basis of the two datasets, we present a new taxonomy, elevating each putative subspecies of A. chrysolepis to species status. We provide new morphological diagnoses and new distributional data for each species.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith